This report is produced by Forensic Oceanography (Charles Heller and Lorenzo Pezzani), part of the Forensic Architecture agency (Directed by Eyal Weizamn) at Goldsmiths (University of London). The research for the report has been conducted in the framework of the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)-supported “Precarious Trajectories” research project (Principal Investigator: Simon Parker), and with the support of the WatchTheMed platform.

Charles Heller and Lorenzo Pezzani: Principal Investigators, Text

Rossana Padeletti: GIS and AIS data analysis

Samaneh Moafi: Graphic design, animations

Laure Vermeersch: Video filming and editing

Richard Limeburner: Oceanographic Analysis

Nancy Porsia: Fieldwork, Interviews (Lybia)

Sabine Llewellyn: Research assistant, fieldwork (Sicily)

Shela Sheikh: Editing

Christina Varvia: Forensic techniques consultant

Matteo Menapace and Aimee Matthew-John: Web design (based on an original design by Nick Axel, Forensic Architecture)

The report was based on extensive fieldwork in Italy. The authors thank the numerous actors who accepted to share their experience with us. Our gratitude goes in the first instance to the survivors of the different cases we investigated. Without their trust, this report would not be possible. We further thank the state actors who granted us interviews (Coast Guard, Customs Police, Frontex, Public prosecutors). While we are critical of the policy decisions taken by Frontex, we thank the Frontex Press office and it’s Public Access to Documents sections which accepted to share a considerable amount of documents towards our research.

The production of this report has necessitated that we consult with experts who generously shared their knowledge with us and helped us sharpen our analysis. Our gratitude goes to:

Legal experts: Itamar Mann, Claire Saas, Karine Parrot, Jean Matringe, Fulvio Vassallo Paleologo, Carmen Cordaro

Policy experts: Leonhard den Hertog, Ferruccio Pastore, Jeff Crisp, Tuesday Reitano, Julien Jeandesboz, Chris Jones, Marie Martin

Statistics experts: Patrick Ball, Tamara Last, Manuela Honegger-Heller, Gian-Andrea Monsch

Over the years, we have benefited from the insights of numerous NGOs, and their contribution was fundamental to the understanding of the situation at the maritime frontiers of the EU. We thank in particular the WatchTheMed, Migreurop, Boats4People and EuroMed Rights networks, as well as Statewatch, Amnesty International, ARCI, and Meltingpot.